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carnival of basel history

carnival of basel history

[1], Since 2017, the Carnival of Basel has been included in UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage.[2]. The first large procession lantern was documented in 1860. The carnival of Basel (Basel Fasnacht) is very famous: it is the biggest in Switzerland. At the Basel Carnival there are five major groups of participants. It is said, that in order to differ from the Catholic customs, Fasnacht was scheduled one week later starting in 1529. According wiki, Carnival of Basel is one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. In these large trailers (Waage) are usually Waggis throwing oranges, sweets, flowers or other treats to (or at) the crowd. Like the Cliques, they play music with piccolos and drums. The main Guggekonzert at Marktplatz draws thousands of spectators and is broadcast live by Telebasel, the local TV channel. The oldest document about the Carnival in Basel dates back to 1376. One is that the Basler Fasnacht is Switzerland’s biggest carnival. The Fasnacht Carnival is the largest of its kind in Switzerland where the streets and alleys of Basel become a kaleidoscope of colour, music and celebration. If the people come from different Cliques, it is common to see groups with mixed costumes and masks. From 4 am on Monday, many restaurants and bars in the old town open their doors and remain open for the following 72 hours. Back then, the Fasnacht participants took to the alleys with burning torches. 22 – 24 February 2021. Originally, sweets in the form of small sugar balls known as confetti (an Italian name, similar to the English confectionery) were given away or thrown at the crowd during the parade. Martin Frutiger The Carnival of Basel ("Basler Fasnacht") is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. This is not a complete list, rather an overview of the larger or more significant events. During this time the Fasnächtler (the participants) dominate the old town of central Basel, running free in the streets and restaurants. It has been listed as one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. Fasnacht Basel is the largest and most famous carnival in Switzerland. Some trucks are on display on the Kasernenareal from Monday night to Wednesday morning. Later in the evening, the groups return to Basel in normal street clothes (no costumes or masks) and parade one last time through the inner city, particularly along the major street in the city, Freie Strasse. In 2004, over 480 units were registered with the Fasnachts-Comité: 141 Cliques, organisations and groups, 141 floats and coaches, 61 Gugge music groups, 86 pipe and drums groups, and 55 individual masks and small groups. Basel Carnival Exhibition. The first pole-mounted lanterns appeared in 1845 when a ban on carrying open-flame torches was issued. More than that it’s a family affair where tradition collides with modern affairs in what is a fascinating spectacle to observe. The Carnival in Basel is Switzerland's largest "carnival" and the main Protestant one in the world. It is usually referred to as 'Basel Fasnacht', or just 'Fasnacht' in English, sometimes as Basel Carnival. The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. In Basel, these 3 days are actually bank holidays so that everyone can enjoy. Some of the so-called Vorfasnachtsveranstaltungen are: The lantern piping (Ladärne yynepfyffe) takes place on the Sunday evening before Fasnacht. Drum History; Drum Facts; Drum Manufacture; Drums on Carnival of Basel Afterwards, only this second carnival was celebrated in Basel. Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified 2 external links on Carnival of Basel. The common explanation is that after the Reformation in 1520, Basel continued celebrating its Fasnacht, while the other regions officially stopped. It provides services to the groups involved in Fasnacht and mediates between the interests of the Fasnacht, the general public, and the authorities. It took great effort to free the city from the snow and enable the Fasnacht to take place. The Carnival of Basel The Basler Fasnacht (Carnival of Basel) is the oldest Pentecostal festival held in the world. What makes it so impressive, according to UNESCO, is its unique blend of music, written and oral forms of expression, and artisanal outputs. In the years after the Second World War, many new cliques were established, the quality of piping and drumming rose to new levels, while the costumes and head-masks (Larve) took on their typical Basel touch. Basel Carnival includes unique lanterns, musical instruments, creative performances. All lanterns are on display from Monday evening until Wednesday morning on the Münsterplatz (the square in front of the Basel Münster) and are lit in the evenings. The Basler Fasnacht starts on the Monday after Ash Wednesday at precisely 4:00 am with the so-called Morgestraich (see below). Why does Basel celebrate Fasnacht? Blumenrain, Basel, Switzerland - March 12th, 2019. It has been listed as one of the top fifty… Although the Guggemusik groups do not participate on Morgestreich, they march and play throughout Fasnacht, starting with the Cortège on Monday, and are showcased on Tuesday night when they perform in Guggekoncerts in various locations. In Bern, the term for carnival is either Fasnacht or Fastnacht which means on the eve of fasting. There, it is possible to sample traditional Basler carnival specialties, such as flour soup, Zwiebelkuchen and Käsewähe (a quiche-like baked dish). On the Saturday after Fasnacht, there are many masked balls, which are together known as the Kehrausball (or Kehruss in the local dialect). In 2002, the Industrielle Werke Basel (IWB) turned the streetlights off too early, at 3:59 am. Most of these events also feature Schnitzelbanks or other satiric elements. BASLER FASNACHT 2013 ,SWITZERLANDSWISS FASNACHTCARNIVAL OF SWITZERLANDcamera & edited by Johny Basel The participants overwhelm the old town of Central Basil, running free in the streets featuring a clear separation of participants and spectators in the festival. When, during the age of Reformation, merrymaking and feasting were increasingly restricted, even banned at times, the Basel Fasnacht gradually developed into a display of resistance against the city’s authorities. The Schnitzelbank singer is a bard that sings satirical verses about current events in Basel or from around the world. Historians n… Some of them are used for experiments with the Fasnacht topic, such as Fasnachts-Musicals or concerts with traditional Fasnacht instruments and crossovers with "classic" instruments. Please take a … Tradition – Carnival. In German-speaking Switzerland, carnival is known as “Fasnacht” – and Basel’s is the largest in the country, with 72 continuous hours of processions and partying. Important events that define the Carnival Basel. Before the beginning of Lent, or the 40-day fasting period, feasts and folk-festivals were commonly held. Their arrival is accompanied by the pipers (still without costumes or masks), while the drummers leave their drums at home. The Carnival of Basel (Basler Fasnacht) is Switzerland’s largest carnival celebration. A masked participant (Fasnächtler in Swiss German) with a bag of confetti is shown in the photo. The lanterns, most of them still wrapped up from delivery from their respective workshops, are brought to where the parade begins in the city centre. In 2017 it was given the Intangible Cultural Heritage status. Breaking from tradition, Basel carnival is on the Monday following Ash Wednesday, occurring over the locally-coined three finest days. In addition, there were approximately 6,000 "wild" Fasnächtler (Schyssdräggzygli). The first officially permitted Morgenstreich was held in 1835. This is our guide to the Basel Fasnacht including the full order of events over the three days of the carnival itself. History of Drums. Throwing mixed confetti is seen as very bad form, since one would have picked it up from the street, which is obviously an unhygienic practice. A group of basel carnival masks lay in a corner waiting for their owners during a break Basel carnival 2018 - Two masks hanging besides a green door. The majority of these national holidays of Basel can be proud of their long history. The Basler Fasnacht starts on the Monday after Ash Wednesday at precisely 4:00 am with the so-called Morgestraich ().The carnival lasts for exactly 72 hours and, therefore, ends on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. In the Basel German dialect, confetti are called Räppli, and only single-coloured confetti can be purchased in Basel. Another is that it is the world’s only Protestant carnival! TiffaF 10:55, 25 April 2013 (UTC) External links modified. There are a number of events that occur before and after Fasnacht. During the night before Morgestraich 2006, about 50 cm of snow fell within only a couple of hours and blocked the inner city of Basel. Many non-Clique individuals and small groups known as Schyssdräggziigli also wander through the streets. Nonetheless, Fasnacht went on until Thursday at 4:00 am. Henceforth the institution was called “Museum für Völkerkunde und Schweizerisches Museum für Volkskunde”. Basel, Switzerland. Confetti is available in all possible colours, but never mixed. These Sujets are usually related to recent events and are highly satirical. The Guggemusik groups march through the city centre, then stop to play four to five songs and then move on. Basler Fasnacht is often referred to as die drey scheenschte Dääg ("the three most beautiful days"). In total, there were more than 12,000 Fasnächtler who took part in organised groups. [email protected]Kontakt, Terms of Use / Exclusion of Liability / Privacy Statement. No Guggenmusik is played during Morgestraich. There are two major types of lanterns, the large Zugslaterne (parade lanterns) that are wheel-mounted or carried by 2 to 4 people in front of the Cliques; and the head-mounted Kopflaterne (head lanterns) that every participant wears. It remains unclear exactly why Carnival starts one week later in Basel than elsewhere in Switzerland or Germany. This varied dressing is called "Charivari". Like with most carnival customs, the roots of the Basel Fasnacht trace back to ancient Celtic and Germanic origins and practices relating to ancestor worship, fertility rites, and the expulsion of winter. On this time of a year all main streets and squares of the city turn into bright and lively markets. A Clique usually consists of a Vortrab (vanguard), the Pfeifer (pipers), the Tambourmajor (drum major) and the Tambouren (drummers). Similar to the Waage are the smaller carriages (Chaise / Schäse) with only 2–4 people giving away treats. The approximately 18,000 active Fasnächtler dress up in a wide variety of costumes, including a mask known as a Larve. The carnival lasts for exactly 72 hours and, therefore, ends on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. Andreasplatz, Basel, Switzerland - February 19th, 2018. +41 61 268 68 68 During their chosen day (1st, 2nd, or 3rd Bummelsonntag, depending on the group), the groups go on a small trip somewhere outside of Basel, usually including a visit to a restaurant. During this time the Fasnächtler (the participants) dominate the old town of central Basel, running free in the streets and restaurants. Before Fasnacht starts, various events (Vorfasnachtsveranstaltungen) take place. It starts at 4 AM on the Monday after Ash Wednesday – yes, rebellious Basel celebrates carnival during lent – and it lasts exactly 72 hours. The parades became more political and gradually adopted their typical satirical bent. It has specialties that you can't find anywhere else. It remains unclear exactly why Carnival starts one week later in Basel than elsewhere in Switzerland or Germany. On Tuesday evening, the areas around Marktplatz, Barfüsserplatz and Claraplatz are devoted to Guggekonzerts by the Guggemusik groups, who take turns to play on purpose-built stages to large crowds. The traditional Cliques, which march while playing piccolos and Basler snare drums, retreat to the side streets. Popular compositions are the Wettsteinmarsch, the Tagwacht, the Retraite, the Basler Marsch and "le Lancier". Marching brass bands playing Guggenmusik are another formation present during Carnival. Costumes and masks commonly represent famous people including politicians, or even comic characters or animals. Liestal, a larger suburb, initiates the carnival with a spectacular parade of burning wood on the day before, called “Chienbäse”. 'Carnival of Basel' is stilted English. On this day, there are many parades through the city, but, this time, it is not the Cliques that take part, rather families with their children. Basel locals call their carnival "liebe Frau Fasnacht" (dear Lady Fasnacht). The Carnival of Basel is often referred to as the only Protestant carnival in the world. While there is no proof for this theory, the amount of confetti used during Basler Fasnacht is huge in comparison to other carnivals. The saying goes: "He who doesn't have a badge harms the Fasnacht.". Some Cliques have uniform Kopflaternen but traditionally during the Morgestraich, Clique members do not wear uniform costumes. The first cliques were formed, Schnitzelbank singers made their appearance for the first time, and piping and drumming gradually became the hallmark of Fasnacht. In the 19th century, the nature of Fasnacht began to change. The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel.It has recently been listed as one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. It lasts for exactly 72 hours ending on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. It is not expected that the children, especially the youngest, will wear the heavy traditional masks. During the Cortège, there are many trucks or tractors with decorated trailers. The income still serves to subsidize the cliques. Today, the Carnival of Basel is said to be "the only Protestant carnival in the world". It takes place annually between February and March, or specifically, the Monday after Ash Wednesday. Basel Carnival 2021. Basel Carnival is part of the city’s identity – culturally speaking, it is at the heart of its creative energies and represents three days when the city goes wild. Except on the Cortège, the Cliques do not follow fixed routes, and it is thus very common for different Cliques to cross paths. New traditions and rituals sprang up which are still celebrated today as if they had existed already for centuries. In 2017, UNESCO added the Basel Fasnacht to its representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage, thus paying tribute to the rich tradition and singularity of this three-day event. One of the many highlights in the museum’s history was the visit of the Dalai Lama in … The carnival takes place in Basel, Switzerland kicking off on Monday after Ash Wednesday at approximately 4:00 am. Overview. Each Clique has a specific ritual for the farewell, most of which involve forming a circle with their lanterns and chanting a particular musical composition. The Waggis also shower bystanders with copious amounts of confetti. Some Guggemusik groups are also invited to play in cafés and restaurants to serenade the guests. The Comité also distributes Fasnacht badges (Blaggedde). The Fasnacht Committee (Comité), established in 1910, was permitted to sell them in order to finance part of the Fasnacht costs. Credit: swiss.photos/Alamy Live News People, both locals and travelers take part in this event with zeal and enthusiasm. At exactly 4 am all the lights in the old town of Basel are turned off, and the Industrielle Werke Basel (the Industrial Works of Basel are the public utility organisation of the city) shuts down the streetlights. There are no documents from this era supporting this theory, and the resolutions from 1529 were not quoted until 200 years later. Reviewed August 4, 2016 . Review of Museum der Kulturen Basel. For spectators, there is the ever-present danger of being attacked from behind by a confetti-throwing Waggis, especially if not wearing a Carnival badge (see below) known as a Blaggedde (which sounds similar to plaquette to French and English listeners). ("Morgestraich, forward march!") The Morgestraich (in Basel dialect, Morgenstreich in High German) on Monday morning marks the beginning of the Carnival in Basel. Insider tips from Basel: top events, competitions and special offers. Participants are fully concealed and must remain incognito while parading; it is considered inappropriate and a breach of protocol to identify oneself by removing the mask, other than during official breaks from the parade. Carnival beginnings. The Carnival of Basel (Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place every year between February and March in Basel. Basel Carnival is the most popular and largest festival in Switzerland. “Die drey scheenschte Dääg” (“the three most beautiful days”), is the nickname that the people of Basel give to their most beloved tradition, the Basel Fasnacht, or Basler Fasnacht to give it its correct German name. All you need to know about the history and background to the "three best days". The oldest document about the Carnival in Basel dates back to 1376. In 2020, the carnival was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The Fasnacht Committee, founded in 1910, consists of ten to fifteen honorary members and is responsible for the organization of the “three best days of the year”. See more ideas about Basel, Neuchatel, Carnival. Most of the groups choose a Sujet (French: theme) for the Fasnacht. The singers appear regularly in the restaurants and bars on Monday and Wednesday night and in the clique-cellars (local Clique meeting halls) on Tuesday. This is one of these museums with very diverse expositions: cultural objects from various peoples, modern and antique, common and strange looking. However, the festival is also celebrated in other Swiss cities, including Lucerne and Solothurn. The Children and Family Fasnacht is on Tuesday. Later it was also influenced by such events as medieval jousts, military musters organized by the city’s guilds, and religious festivals before Lent. The Fasnächtler who participate in the parade generally toss confetti into the crowds, and hand out candy and other treats to the spectators. The second, one week later at the old time, was known as the Bauernfasnacht (farmers' carnival). Military elements were incorporated which still characterize Carnival in Basel to this day: the measured marching pace to the sound of drums and piccolos. Most Cliques also distribute Zeedel (flyers containing ironic verse). In that case, one Clique will stop and let the other Clique pass. [3] Close-up of two Basel carnival 2019 colorful carnival masks. First of all, the Carnival Basel is the latest and starts one week after Ash Wednesday. The Waggis are an affectionate spoof on the Alsatian farmers who, in the distant past, regularly rolled up to Basel markets to sell produce. Never before has a Fasnacht been celebrated with more snow, and especially not fresh-fallen snow. It has been listed as one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. The first one, ending on Ash Wednesday, was known as the Herren- or Pfaffenfasnacht (lords' or priests' carnival) and was observed by those members of the higher echelons of society. These Sujets can be seen on lanterns during Morgenstreich and in the costumes worn by Clique members during the Cortège. The festival opens at 4 am in a grand ceremony called Morgenstraich (meaning in English, Morning Prank) and continues for 3 days. There is for example a huge Native American wigwam which can be observed from different floors. Fasnacht as we know it today took on its shape above all in the course of the latter half of the 20th century. A total of 185 parade lanterns were carried or pushed on mobile frames. It takes three day from 23 to 25 February 2015. The lantern farewell (Ladärne Verabschiide) is performed by the Cliques on the final evening of the Fasnacht, normally starting at 4:00 am on Thursday but sometimes earlier. During this chanting, the lanterns are gradually extinguished. On either one of the three Sundays directly following the Fasnacht (known as the Bummelsonntage, or "stroll Sundays"), all Cliques and Guggenmusik groups participate in the final act of the Fasnacht. Members of the various Cliques wear costumes that fit a specific theme, except during Morgestreich and on Fasnacht Tuesday. Traditional Waggislarve masked used at the Carnival of Basel, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/basel-carnival-01262, 50cm fresh-fallen snow (german) - Baslerstab Newspaper, 7/8 March 2006, Dossier "Die Basler Fasnacht" at altbasel.ch, Private picture gallery of the Morgenstraich and the Monday Cortège 2006, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carnival_of_Basel&oldid=978094270, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from September 2009, All articles needing additional references, Switzerland articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 21:23. The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. Similar verses are also distributed by the various Cliques in flyers known as Zeedel. It remains unclear exactly why Carnival starts one week later in Basel than elsewhere in Switzerland or Germany. The rest of the year you can get a flavour of the “three best days”, as locals call them, along a special itinerary created by Basel Tourism. There are two reasons why anyone visiting Basel in February ought to witness the spectacle of Carnival. After this practice was prohibited in the 19th century, small shards of paper were used as a replacement. According to some local historians, the throwing of confetti is a typical tradition from Basel that later spread to the rest of the world. Many Cliques have their own masked balls in their clique-cellars. from the drum majors, all Cliques begin to march and play the same march, the "Morgestraich", with their instruments. Basel carnival 2018. The first documented mention of Carnival in Basel occurred back in 1376 when a joust was organised by the Duke of Austria, on Shrove Tuesday. Although Basel is a traditionally Protestant city, it has been celebrating Carnival for centuries. Basel’s carnival tradition dates back several centuries, with one of the earliest records of the “Böse Fasnacht” (a day of fatal clashes between the citizens and knights) dating back to 1376. It is requested, though not required, that visitors purchase a badge, so that the groups can continue to finance themselves. On the command "Morgestraich, vorwärts marsch!" The history of Basel Fasnacht has been lost in the mist of time as all the relevant documents were destroyed during a devasting earthquake back in 1356. A brief history The origins of Basel's Fasnacht are rather obscure, partly because of the terrible earthquake in the year 1356 which destroyed large parts of the city and many official archives. The Fasnacht badge – called a "Blaggedde" was introduced in 1911. This was decided by the regional confetti manufacturers to prevent the once-common practice of reselling "used" confetti. Carnival of Basel 2015 (Basler Fasnacht 2015).jpg 1,920 × 1,157; 2.29 MB Cortege.JPG 3,072 × 2,304; 855 KB Das festliche Jahr img102 Der Basler Morgenstreich.jpg 764 × 719; 323 KB The parades taking place on Monday and Wednesday afternoon are called Cortège and follow two defined ring routes: the inner ring runs clockwise, and the outer ring runs counterclockwise. Therefore, the 2002 Fasnacht lasted one minute longer than usual. However, its history is lost in the mists of time as all the relevant documents were lost in the devastating earthquake of 1356. A high point is always at the ‘morgestraich,’ in … The Basel Fasnacht or the Basel Carnival is is a premiere cultural event in the year that works as a landmark for this part of Switzerland. Unlike the Carnival celebrations held in other cities on the Rhine (such as those in Cologne, Mainz and Düsseldorf), the Basel Carnival features a clear and well-maintained separation between participants and the spectators who line the streets. Contact your company to license this image. One of the most famous festivals is the Carnival of Basel (the Lenten Carnival), which is celebrated by the locals during the first seven days of Lent. Until it was banned in the second half of the 20th century, it was also common to use straw instead of confetti, although wheat chaff is still sometimes thrown in some of the outlying towns and regions. More traditional masks recall Napoleonic soldiers, harlequins (Harlekin) and the famous Waggis. {{purchaseLicenseLabel}} {{restrictedAssetLabel}} {{buyOptionLabel(option)}} You have view only access under this Premium Access agreement. The Basel Fasnacht is not only the biggest in Switzerland, but also one of the most crowded one of the world. These are sold in four versions and cost between 9 and 100 Swiss francs, and the proceeds go to the Fasnacht groups. The verses are sung in Swiss German and the singer will show Helge (illustrations) to the current verse. This 50 cm of snow was the third-highest snow level ever recorded in Basel and the highest level of fresh-fallen snow within 24 hours for the city.[6]. Historians note that the Catholic carnival date was rescheduled six days earlier in 1091 in the Council of Benevent, because the Sundays were excluded from the 40-day fasting period before Easter, making Ash Wednesday the first day of Lent. 24th February, 2015. By the evening, the routes of the Cortège are ankle-deep in confetti. The Waggis, a traditional carnival costume in Basel The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. From then until the 16th century, the two carnival dates existed. Basel's guilds had a considerable influence on the development of Carnival, the "three best days". It is said, that in order to differ from the Catholic customs, Fasnacht was scheduled one week later starting in 1529. There are no documents from this era supporting this theory, and the resolutions from 1529 were not quoted until 200 years later. Owing to its uniqueness and quality, it has been added to the UNESCO intangible cultural heritage list. The common explanation is that after the Reformationin 1520, Basel continued celebrating its Fasnacht, while the other regions officially stopped. In 2017 the UNESCO added the Carnival of Basel to the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.[5]. One of the oldest formations are the Cliques, who march through the old town playing the piccolo and basler drum. Since 2017, the Carnival of Basel has been included in UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage. The Fasnacht carnival in Basel is the only protestant carnival in the world and has been around since the 14th century. Even so, Basel's sanitation department succeeds in clearing away this mess within two hours during the night, so, by the following morning, there is little evidence of the previous day's events. Basel Fasnächtlers dress head to toe in costumes to completely hide their identities. The only light remaining comes from the lanterns of the Cliques. Carnival was established in Bern during the medieval period. Listening to the Gugge-musiken (fanfares), the city comes to life during 3 days starting from the Monday after Ash Wednesday (in February or March depending on the years). The two routes are sometimes referred to as the blue and the red route because of their colour representation on the route map. Spectators, on the other hand, will be politely guided off the route by the Vortrab. Most of the people in the carriages, generally less rude than the Waggis, are dressed as old ladies and referred to as the Alti Tante (meaning "old aunt"), giving them a near-royal feeling. The lantern exhibition is referred to as the largest open-air art exhibition of the world. Feb 6, 2013 - Explore H Stevenson's board "Fasnacht" on Pinterest. It is an unwritten law that masked and/or costumed participants are not subject to confetti attacks. Conscription of guild members required to do military duty in the 16th century was closely connected to Carnival. Since 1901, the organisation of Fasnacht has been arranged by the Fasnachts-Comité, which acts as the official contact for all questions and concerns about Fasnacht. In 1996 the house received its present name “Museum der Kulturen Basel”. Like with most carnival customs, the roots of the Basel Fasnacht trace back to ancient Celtic and Germanic origins and practices relating to ancestor worship, fertility rites, and the expulsion of winter.

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