job 34 commentary
When he giveth quietness, who then can condemn?  This was Elihu's answer to what he conceived as Job's accusation against God. Fitly in the night, as it was in it that the godless hid themselves ( Job 34:22 ). Charges Job with other indecent expressions, ver. If the world were not God's property, as having been made by Him, but committed to His charge by some superior, it might be possible for Him to act unjustly, as He would not thereby be injuring Himself; but as it is, for God to act unjustly would undermine the whole order of the world, and so would injure God's own property ( Job 36:23 ). "It is impossible to justify this third charge from anything that Job had said. This of course, was merely Elihu's analysis of the situation; and he was totally in error. "For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat." (Verse 10-15.) KJV Job 37:1 At this also my heart [trembleth/pounds],and [is moved/leaps] [out of/from] [his/its] place.2 [Hear/Listen] [attentively/closely to/carefully to] the [noise/thunder] of […] "If He were to set His heart on man," either to injure him, or to take strict account of his sins. Job 34:5 For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment. . The lectionary has been running consecutively through Mark 9 and 10 the past four weeks, but it skips 10:32-34 just before today’s lesson. UMBREIT and MAURER lose this by translating, as the Hebrew will bear, "Has any a right to say to God, I have borne chastisement and yet have not sinned?" 3 For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat. (Verse 31-37.) Or rather, "enthralled by further oppression," Job 34:26-28 . "This second speech of Elihu is not addressed primarily to Job, but to a group called `wise men'; and Elihu is no longer reasoning with Job with a view to helping him. Commentaries: Matthew Henry JFB Commentary Wesley's Notes Geneva Study Bible : View Job 34 in the note window. "For thou saidst, What advantage will it be unto thee? . UMBREIT, less simply, for "overturneth," translates, "walketh"; that is, God is ever on the alert, discovering all wickedness. Job hath spoken without knowledge — Job seems to me to be very much mistaken, and his discourse to be inconsiderate, and without reason. Barnes's Job 34:32 Bible Commentary That which I see not, teach thou me - That is, in regard to my errors and sins. 20. they--"the rich" and "princes" who offend God. on StudyLight.org He rendered it, "Concerning my case, he (God) lies, wounded with his dart, yet sinless. (14-26) Commentary on Job 35:1-8 (Read Job 35:1-8) Elihu reproves Job for justifying himself more than God, and called his attention to the heavens. He calls upon Job and his friends to listen to him b. UMBREIT translates for "govern, repress wrath, namely, against Job for his accusations. "For hath any said unto God, I have borne chastisement. 3 Also against his three friends his wrath was aroused, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job. 34 Men of understanding will tell me, yes, every wise man who hears me: 35 ‘Job speaks without knowledge. This means (according to Job) that godliness has no value (v. 13. 19. ( Job 15:16 ). Hear my words, O ye wise men; and give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge. So, just like a … Although it is not entirely unique in the Psalter, the most striking thing about Psalm 91 is that it ends with a divine speech in verses 14-16. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, "Notwithstanding my right, I am accounted a liar", "What man is like Job, who drinketh up scoffing like water", "For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing that he should delight himself in God", "The work of a man he (God) will render unto him", "Shall even one that hateth justice govern", "Him that saith to a king, Thou art vile". He even gave three reasons to support his appeal: (1) Job answers like a wicked man (Job 34:36); (2) he has added rebellion against God to his sin (Job 34:37); and (3) he multiplies his words against God (Job 34:37). 1. answered--proceeded. " The nearest approach to anything like this that Job has said is in Job 9:22, where he stated that "God destroyeth the perfect and the wicked," with the meaning that fatal accidents happen to good and bad alike. Shews God's justice, sovereignty, power, omniscience, ver. Since it was this very fallacy that was so vigorously alleged against Job by the instruments of Satan in this terrible campaign to compel him to renounce his integrity, we must conclude that the doctrine itself is a primary weapon of Satan, invented by him and continually advocated by evil men. (Verse 1-9.) In opposition to Job, Job 34:5, will not--cannot. Elihu begins with an exhortation to Job's friends, Job 34:1-4; charges Job with accusing God of acting unrighteously, which he shows is impossible, Job 34:5-12; points out the power and judgments of the Almighty, vv. Nor regardeth the rich more than the poor; And the mighty are taken away without hand. 16. Job claims that this simply is not true, if one looks at life objectively: the wicked’s children are established (verse 8), his house is safe (verse 9), his cattle reproduce (verse 10), and so on. 23. His words are without wisdom.’ 36 I wish that Job were tried to the end, because of his answering like wicked men. Job 34:1 Furthermore Elihu answered and said, Job 34:2 Hear my words, O ye wise men; and give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge. Toggle navigation. " Many of the greatest scholars reject such a rendition. . Job 37 Commentary: The Effect of a Storm on Man… But the coming storm also has an effect on man – and Elihu himself testifies to being personally moved at the approaching storm. Proud member 36 My desire is that Job may be tried unto the end because of his answers for wicked men. My sickness ( Job 6:4 , 16:13 ). 13-30; shows how men should address God, and how irreverently Job has acted, Job 34… 5 - 9. 5 “Job says, ‘I am innocent, but God denies me justice. For he needeth not further to consider a man. disposed--hath founded ( Isaiah 44:7 ), established the circle of the globe. The noted Albert Barnes gave it as, "In respect to my cause, I am regarded a liar. And would not have regard to any of his ways: So that they caused the cry of the poor to come upon him. The rich and the prince, no less than the poor, must submit to the law of death, which God hath imposed upon all men without exception. If he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath; "The work of a man he (God) will render unto him" (Job 34:11). Job needs testing to the end (Job 34:31-37) Job 34:1-4. One big problem though - God does declare Job righteous before these witnesses in Job 42; that invalidates Elihu's argument here. This was, Whether outward prosperity is a mark of the true church, and the true members of it, so that ruin of a man's prosperity proves him a hypocrite? My wound is incurable, though I am without transgression.’ What man is like Job, Who drinks scorn like water, Who goes in company with the workers of iniquity, And walks with wicked … will say to me, and the wise man ( Job 34:2 Job 34:10) who hearkens to me (will say), 'Job hath spoken,'" &c. 36. 6. (16-30) Elihu reproves Job. ( Acts 10:34 , 2 Chronicles 19:7 , Proverbs 22:2 , Job 31:15 ). Psalm. 30. . Psalm. We protest the evil rendition of Job 34:6 by Pope in the Anchor Bible. This title does not elsewhere occur in Job. 13-30; shows how men should address God, and how irreverently Job has acted, Job 34… But no one says, “Where is God my Maker” : Elihu noted that men seek God in their time of need, but their seeking often isn’t sincere. And wilt thou condemn him that is righteous and mighty? 14, 15. scorning--against God ( Job 15:4 ). Job 34:24 - 'He breaks in pieces mighty men without inquiry, And sets others in their place. 34 Men of understanding will say to me, and the wise man who hears me will say: 35 ‘Job t speaks without knowledge; his words are without insight.’ 36 Would that Job were tried to the end, because he answers like wicked men. Commentary on Mark 10:35-45. Although it is not entirely unique in the Psalter, the most striking thing about Psalm 91 is that it ends with a divine speech in verses 14-16. No prayer could be more appropriate than this. As omniscient Judge who sees all the ways of humankind, he often brings judgment (Job 34:21-28) but must not be questioned when he does not decree speedy retribution (Job 34:29-30). Partly here; fully, hereafter ( Jeremiah 32:19 , Romans 2:6 , 1 Peter 1:17 , Revelation 22:12 ). With the whole community coming together under Elihu's extremely bitter and antagonistic speech, and presumably favoring Elihu's evil accusations against Job, we may well presume that the greatest pressure that Satan could possibly have brought against Job reached its climax in this vituperative, disgusting, egotistical and satanic assault upon Job's integrity. This chapter is addressed also to the "friends" as the thirty-third chapter to Job alone. Let any such tell us what is their opinion. answers for wicked godly are not removed until they produce the effect designed. One reason God seems cruel in ignoring cries of the afflicted is that he does not hear the insincere cries of the proud (Job 35:9-13). Let men of understanding tell me — I am content that any wise man should judge of my words. Whereas Job had argued from the particular to the general, from his own case, to the character of God, as confirmed by other injustices around him, Elihu dealt only with his concept of theology (which was in error), concluding from it that Job was wicked. Job accordingly says so ( Job 40:3-5 , Micah 7:9 , Leviticus 26:41 ). He is attacking Job.". This title does not elsewhere occur in Job. "Men of understanding say to me, Wise men who listen to me: 'Job speaks without knowledge, His words are without wisdom.' Job 34:2 Hear my words, O ye wise men; and give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge. The government of the world would be impossible if injustice were sanctioned. Were I to renounce my right (that is, confess myself guilty), I should die. Margin, not so well, "My father," Elihu addressing God. Biblical Commentary Job 19:23-27a EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The context for any passage in the book of Job has to begin with chapter 1, which establishes Job's excellent character (1:1-5), acknowledged even by God (1:8). Yes, Job was not yet dead; but Elihu expected him to die at any time. Job 34:1-15 Elihu Proclaims God’s Justice. Elihu in Job 34:34 moves to rally the whole community (that assembly of onlookers flattered by Elihu as `wise men') against Job, calling upon them to approve his verdict that Job is not only a terrible sinner but an ignoramus also (Job 34:34-35). Just look how public Job's disasters were! Job was not affirming that God was wicked or unjust; but that it could not have been his personal wickedness that led to his sufferings. Job 34:24 - 'He breaks in pieces mighty men without inquiry, And sets others in their place. Notwithstanding my right, I am accounted a liar; My wound is incurable, though I am without transgression. offend--literally, "to deal destructively or corruptly" ( Nehemiah 1:7 ). 37 For he adds rebellion to his sin. Salem Media Group. 2. Introduction. Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Both these verses (Job 34:19-20) deal with the doom of persons who accuse rulers (especially God) of injustice. Job 37 Commentary: The Effect of a Storm on Man… But the coming storm also has an effect on man – and Elihu himself testifies to being personally moved at the approaching storm. That respecteth not the persons of princes. -. For the ear tests words As the palate tastes food. THE FACT OF GOD'S RULE PROVES ITS JUSTICE. . 35 Job hath spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom. 1 So these three men ceased answering Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes. Barnes's Job 41:34 Bible Commentary He beholdeth all high things - That is, he looks down on everything as inferior to him. . In whatever way Job 34:14 is translated, Job 34:15 shows the terrible result. Who goeth in company with the workers of iniquity, For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing, That he should delight himself with God. 7. Gospel. the people--namely, of the guilty princes: guilty also themselves. hideth . Taking our text as it stands in our version, it teaches that Elihu blasts Job: "because he has not admitted his sin" (Job 34:31-32); and also because he has not allowed his friends to prescribe his punishment, but has insisted on refusing it (Job 34:33). Commentary for Job 34 . Job 34:37 - ‘For he adds rebellion to his sin; He claps his hands among us, And multiplies his words against God.'' Job 32:1-22 Elihu is Upset With Job’s Friends. Job 33:1-33 Elihu Claims to Speak For God. God; Jesus Christ . Chapter 34 Elihu, it is likely, paused awhile, to see if Job had any thing to say against his discourse in the foregoing chapter; but he sitting silent, and it is likely intimating his desire that he … Elihu. 37 For he adds rebellion to his sin; he u claps his hands among us. If it were his intention and he withdrew his spirit and breath, 25. Job 34. 13-30; shows how men should address God, and how irreverently Job has acted, Job 34:31-37. One big problem though - God does declare Job righteous before these witnesses in Job 42; that invalidates Elihu's argument here. And give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge. Elihu begins with an exhortation to Job's friends, Job 34:1-4; charges Job with accusing God of acting unrighteously, which he shows is impossible, Job 34:5-12; points out the power and judgments of the Almighty, vv. The connection supports rather [UMBREIT], "If He had regard to himself (only), and were to gather unto Himself ( Psalms 104:29 ) man's spirit, &c. (which he sends forth, Psalms 104:30 , Ecclesiastes 12:7 ), all flesh must perish together," &c. ( Genesis 3:19 ). 13. A proverbial expression, already used by Job in … Neither will the Almighty pervert justice. 12:11 the ear tests words. Commentary on Isaiah 53:4-12. Elihu here repeats, "In crass individualistic terms the doctrine that God requites every man according to his behavior. Job 34. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. He breaketh in pieces mighty men in ways past finding out. Commentary on Elihu and Job (Chapter 32 and 33) by Craig Truglia. CLAIM: Job is Innocent YET he is being unjustly treated by God (v. 5-6). The false idea that wickedness is at once punished by God with retribution in kind is not true. Here he shows, that God did him no wrong by afflicting him. According to Elihu, Job was an example of how God would not excuse the wickedness of the rich and powerful. In Job 34:2 , Elihu had spoken to all in general, now he calls Job's special attention. So "my stroke" ("hand," Job 23:2 , Margin). answers for wicked godly are not removed until they produce the effect designed. New International Version Update. Though no hypocrite, Job, like all, had sin; therefore through affliction he was to be brought to humble himself under God. "The charge of injustice is serious enough if made only against an earthly ruler, but how much more serious is such a charge against God"? Commentary on Psalm 91:9-16. 4 Let us choose to us judgment: let us know among ourselves what is good. 1 Then Elihu answered and said: 2 “Hear my words, you wise men, and give ear to me, you who know; 3 for # ch. Job has to stand alone, but he is determined to be faithful. "Elihu said this as an effort to refute that which he (erroneously) supposed that Job had said. Elihu begins with an exhortation to Job's friends, Job 34:1-4; charges Job with accusing God of acting unrighteously, which he shows is impossible, Job 34:5-12; points out the power and judgments of the Almighty, vv. . Job had longed for an `umpire' who might plead his case before God; but Elihu declares that God needs no such assistance, because he is omniscient (Job 34:22-23). 2. ( Job 10:2 , Psalms 32:8 , 19:12 , Psalms 139:23 Psalms 139:24 ). We hear in these verses (Job 34:20-28) the echoes of disaster and exile, of the fall of thrones and empires. He wants them to pay the closest attention to what he will say. "Would that Job were tried to the end" (Job 34:36), Elihu by this is calling on the assembly to ratify his verdict that Job must either confess his wickedness, or they favor God's putting him to death. However, the idea that the wise men here are a different group from the three friends is supported by the fact that, "The tone of reproof Elihu used in addressing the three friends (Job 32:7ff) is no longer present in this chapter. at midnight--image from a night attack of an enemy on a camp, which becomes an easy prey ( Exodus 12:29 Exodus 12:30 ).